Volume No. :   5

Issue No. :  2

Year :  2013

ISSN Print :  0975-4407

ISSN Online :  2321-5836


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Antidiabetic potential of Ficus bengalensis fruit extract studied in alloxan-induced experimental diabetes in rats



Address:   S. Kavi Priya, V. Thamizhiniyan, S. Subramanian*
Department of Biochemistry, University of Madras, Guindy campus, Chennai – 600 025, Tamil Nadu, India.
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: Not Available

ABSTRACT:
Ficus bengalensis (FB) (Moraceae) is commonly known as Banyan tree has been traditionally known for their beneficial pharmacological properties. In the absence of systemic studies in the literature, the present study was aimed to evaluate the antidiabetic potential of Ficus bengalensis fruit extract in alloxan-induced experimental diabetes in rats. The altered levels of biochemical parameters such as blood glucose, plasma insulin, haemoglobin, glycosylated haemoglobin, glycogen content in liver and muscle tissues, protein, urea, creatinine, uric aicd, AST, ALT and ALP in the diabetic rats were significantly reverted back to near basal values by the administration of Ficus bengalensis fruit extract for 30 days. The levels of lipid peroxides in the plasma and pancreatic tissues of diabetic rats were elevated significantly and were normalized by the administration of Ficus bengalensis fruit extract. The activities of pancreatic enzymic antioxidants and the levels of plasma non-enzymic antioxidants were markedly declined in the diabetic rats. Upon treatment with Ficus bengalensis fruit extract to diabetic rats, these decreased antioxidant levels were significantly improved. Further, the altered levels of lipid profile were significantly improved upon treatment with fruit extract. The results of the study indicate that Ficus bengalensis fruit extract possesses antidiabetic activity and the results are comparable with gliclazide, an oral standard hypoglycemic drug. The phytochemicals present in the Ficus bengalensis fruit may account for the observed pharmacological properties.
KEYWORDS:
Medicinal plant; Ficus bengalensis; antidiabetic; antioxidant; alloxan.
Cite:
S Kavi Priya, V Thamizhiniyan, S Subramanian. Antidiabetic potential of Ficus bengalensis fruit extract studied in alloxan-induced experimental diabetes in rats. Research J. Pharmacology and Pharmacodynamics. 2013; 5(2): 110-118.
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