Hepatitis B virus is a major cause of liver disease worldwide and the infection may go unnoticed because more than 50% of the cases are asymptomatic. Infected people therefore either unconsciously contribute to the transmission of the virus or do not seek medical attention resulting in liver cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. This study therefore evaluated the occurrence of HBV amongst blood donors attending the Bamenda Regional Hospital. This cross – sectional hospital based study involved 100 blood donors who randomly selected to participate. Screening for HBV was done using the One Step Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Test Strip (DiaSpot). From the results, the prevalence of HBV was found to be 14.0%. Majority of the participants were males (83.0%) within the age range of 25 – 31 years (35.0%). Also from the positive cases of HBV identified, majority of them were male replacement donors (12.0%) who were within the age range of 25 – 31 years (6.0%) and were singles (8.0%). In conclusion, the prevalence of HBV in this study was high (14.0%) with the highest prevalence amongst male replacement donors within the age range of 25 – 31 years.
Cite this article:
Emmanuel N Tufon., Nji Nancy A , Ndonhui Noel N. The Occurrence of Hepatitis B Virus amongst Blood Donors Attending the Bamenda Regional Hospital. Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacodynamics. 2014; 6(4): 173-176.