Objective: To study the epidemiological profile of patients attending a tertiary care hospital. Study Design: Prospective study. Setting: Population in the catchments area of a tertiary hospital. Participants: One hundred and twenty seven patients of both sexes and of all age group, who attended the O.P.D Variables: Age, sex, occupation, residence, type of family, religion diet, educational status and addiction if any. Statistical Analysis: were expressed in terms of Ratio, Chi –square test and simple proportion. Findings and interpretations: Male female ratio was 1: 0.95. More than 50.0 % of female patients belong to 15 to 44 years of age group in comparison to less than 50.0 % male patients of the same age group .Non vegetarian 41.66 % male and 33.33 % female patients attended O.P.D. with symptoms of C.V.S. in comparison to only 18.75% and 6.06% male and female respectively of vegetarian and 16.21% male and 3.84% females were from mixed diet group. Patients belonging to Sikh religion were more in Respiration, C.V.S., C.N.S., Reproductive Tract and Skin while Thyroid, Coryza, Rheumatism/Joint pain and of miscellaneous group were more in Hindu. More married patients in comparison to their counterparts unmarried found suffering from one or the other disease. It was noticed that 39.37% patients were illiterate, 22.04%, 17.32% and 21.25%were studied up to 5th, 10th. and above 10th classes respectively. Though there were less number of females of rural back ground but still, females outnumbered their male counterparts in G.I.T., reproductive tract, Rheumatism/Joint pain, coryza and miscellaneous group of symptoms and in rest rural male outnumbered rural females. It was interesting to note that none of the male patients were student in comparison 16.53% females students. 30.76% of females with tea’s addiction complain of G.I.T. symptoms in comparison to their 20.50% female counterparts who are not taking tea. Though on application of Chi-square test, the difference found statistically insignificant (X2 = 0.933).
Cite this article:
Garg Narendra K , Sharma AB. Epidemiological Profile of Patients Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital, Muktsar, Punjab (India). Research J. Pharmacology and Pharmacodynamics. 2011; 3(6): 311-317.